3) To do this, the Government has developed new bilateral agreements that overlap as much as possible with the effects of the UK`s trade agreements with existing partners. The new bilateral agreements provide for entry into force when existing agreements between the EU and a third country no longer apply to the UK or as soon as possible. The agreements will be the starting point for future UK trade agreements with partners. The agreement provides for trade measures. It includes traditional protection mechanisms such as anti-dumping and anti-subsidy mechanisms. WTO rights and obligations are applied to ensure fair treatment. 5) This report details the important differences between trade: 36) Imported products could become more expensive for consumers if retailers pass on additional duties to consumers by raising domestic prices. This could have a disproportionate impact on certain consumer groups, such as those at the bottom of income distribution. B, depending on the sectors involved. Consumers may also see a decrease in the choice of products and services available. Given the small share of trade in the United Kingdom under this agreement, we would expect these effects to be relatively small, but they could be felt on some product lines. 85) The agreement between the United Kingdom and Ukraine provides only for trade between the United Kingdom and Ukraine and does not provide for direct trade between the contracting party with the EU, including, for example, when exporters from the United Kingdom and Ukraine use content for exports to the EU.
The imposition of higher tariffs on these exports can have a negative effect on trade flows. 71) In order to address future market access opportunities for UK and Ukrainian companies, it was also agreed that these quotas should be subject to a minimum level of access, on the basis of a proxy measure relevant to trade with the United Kingdom. This will allow British and Ukrainian companies to apply a fair and evidence-based methodology. 28) These estimates assume that all tariff preferences offered under the current EU-Ukraine agreement will be fully used by exporters. It`s not true. For example, estimates by the Ministry of International Trade (DIT) estimate that 91% of the UK`s eligible goods imports from Ukraine were imported in 2019 (defined as having taken place under preferential tariffs under the EU-Ukraine agreement), with the preferences of the EU-Ukraine agreement [Fn. 15] being used. 98) Public procurement obligations in trade agreements contain applicable rules and standards for a transparent and non-discriminatory framework for public procurement.
They also liberalize specific public procurement between the parties and offer applicable market access obligations. 114) References to the provisions of intra-community waterways, such as the « Rhine-Main-Danube link » in annexes XII-A, XII-B XII-D and XII-E, have been removed as they no longer apply in the bilateral context. This change is not expected to have a significant impact on trade flows. 21) In 2007, a sustainable development impact study was carried out in favour of a strengthened free trade agreement between the EU and Ukraine (« FTA »). The simulation using General Balance Modelling (GTC) estimated that an extended free trade agreement [footnote 9] would result in an additional 5.3% in the long run. This should reinforce current trends in trade flows and generate profits for sectors with a comparative advantage in both economies. In Ukraine, this is the case for processed food products, agriculture and various other product sectors. Within the EU, income growth is expected to be spread across a wide range of sectors.